Neil works at a small print shop. He converts to a new religion that requires members to pray at specific times of the day. Neil requests time from his employer to conduct the prayers, and his employer tells him he can switch his break time to coincide with prayer time. Which of the following is true?
- Neil’s employer has offered a de minimus accommodation. The accommodation is legal, and Neil’s employer has met its duty.
- Neil’s employer has offered a de minimus accommodation. If this accommodation is not sufficient for Neil, however, he can demand a different one.
- Neil’s employer can fire Neil for requesting time off to pray.
- Neil’s employer has offered too little to qualify as a reasonable accommodation.
Pedro asks his employer if he can leave brochures from his church on the front desk of the office in case anyone may be interested in learning about the church. Based on the objective rules in the text concerning the appropriateness of advocacy activities, which of the following would be true?
- The brochures would be too disruptive to work and should not be allowed.
- The brochures are disruptive to work, but they must be allowed by law.
- The brochures are not disruptive to work and could be allowed.
- The brochures are not disruptive to work, but they are not allowed under the First Amendment.
Adrian applies for work as a janitor at a church hospital. Which of the following is false?
- The church hospital will be guilty of religious discrimination if it does not hire Adrian.
- The church hospital has the right to refuse Adrian a job if he is not the same religion as that which runs the hospital.
- The church hospital has the right to hire Adrian even if he is a different religion than that which runs the hospital.
- The church hospital may not discriminate in hiring practices based on other Title VII protected characteristics aside from religion.
Beverly wants to take a week off to go on vacation, so she tells her boss that she just joined the Royal Church of R&R and needs a week off to relax in observance of her new religion. Which of the following is true?
- Beverly has the right to claim religious protection for her belief, and her employer must let her take the vacation.
- Beverly doesn’t have a right to claim religious protection because the Royal Church of R&R isn’t a real church.
- Beverly doesn’t have a right to claim religious protection because her views are not likely held with the sincerity and strength of traditional views.
- Beverly has the right to claim religious protection for her belief. The employer doesn’t have to offer the vacation, but it must offer some form of accommodation.
Esmerelda works at a school district. She is becoming irritated with a coworker, Wendy, who continually interrupts Esmerelda by trying to read scriptures to her, asking her to attend church, and asking to pray with her. Esmerelda has complained to her boss about the issue. Which of the following is true?
- Wendy is free to direct her religious speech at Esmerelda because she is a public employee, but she is subject to time, manner, and place restrictions.
- Esmerelda has the right to make Wendy cease the religious speech directed at her.
- Wendy is free to direct her religious speech at Esmerelda because she is a public employee.
- Esmerelda’s employer cannot interfere in religious discussions between the two coworkers.
Gina joins a new church that requires her to wear a long dress every day. Gina’s job prohibits dresses because they can get caught in machinery and cause harm to workers and others. When Gina requests an accommodation, her employer offers to switch her to a non-machine job, but Gina refuses. Which of the following is true?
- Gina may no longer work for her employer, since there is an obvious conflict of interest.
- Gina’s employer must let her keep her same position and also wear the dress.
- If Gina refused the accommodation offered, her employer can refuse to let her wear the dress as an undue hardship.
- If Gina refused the accommodation offered, her employer must offer her a different accommodation.
Luanne files a harassment claim when her coworker Trixy fails to stop bothering her with religious proselytizing activities. Which of the following is true?
- Even if Luanne’s employer took reasonable action to stop Trixy’s harassment, it can still be held liable for the harassment to Luanne.
- Luanne cannot file a harassment suit based on proselytizing activities alone.
- If Luanne’s employer did nothing about Trixy after Luanne complained, then it can be held liable for the harassment to Luanne.
- Trixy herself is liable for her actions toward Luanne.
Which of the following would most likely constitute a religious practice?
- Refraining from drinking coffee under direction from a pastor
- Taking time to meditate during the day in order to clear the mind
- Asking for a weekend off in order to attend a peace rally
- Not eating meat for health reasons
Will has watched football religiously his entire life. He says he ascribes to the “Church of the NFL” and that football offers his life true meaning and enlightenment. His religion includes special clothes and the recitation of team songs and slogans. When he interviews for a job, he asks to always have Monday nights off so he can watch football in accordance with his typical observance practices. Which of the following is true?
- Will’s boss doesn’t have to let Will take Mondays off primarily because the Church of the NFL isn’t real.
- Will’s boss doesn’t have to offer the accommodation he wants, but he must offer some form of accommodation.
- Will’s religious observance can be nothing but a farce and his employer can ignore him.
- Will’s boss must offer Will the accommodation he wants.
Which of the following is most likely to be a protected advocacy or proselytizing activity under religious discrimination protections?
- Leading scriptures out loud so others can hear
- Inviting coworkers to talk to you if they are ever interested in hearing about your religion
- Handing out religious materials to customers at the checkout line along with their purchase and receipt.
- Discussing religious beliefs during a company meeting
Randi owns a small business with 10 employees. While searching for a new employee, Randi purposely turns down all black applicants. Which of the following is true?
- Randi is not allowed to discriminate based on skin color and race.
- Randi is allowed to discriminate based on color, but not on race.
- Randi is allowed to discriminate in her hiring decision.
- Randi is not allowed to discriminate based on skin color.
Dino’s Donut Shop has a diverse group of workers. The workers sometimes have playful race-based banter towards each other, and nobody seems to mind the behavior. Based on this situation, how should a manager or HR professional address race-based harassment in this workplace?
- Strictly prohibit workplace race or color joking.
- Create a race and color joking policy with allowances for jokes but certain guidelines to make sure it doesn’t go too far.
- Do not worry about race or color-based joking since everyone is okay with it.
- Create a workplace policy geared toward diversity that encourages race-based banter for the purpose of increasing morale.
Wilson does not want to hire Linda because he thinks her traditional Venezuelan clothing will make customers uncomfortable. Which of the following is true?
- If Wilson hires Linda and customers make racially charged comments to Linda, then she cannot file a harassment claim.
- Wilson can avoid hiring Linda because hiring based on dress isn’t protected by Title VII.
- Wilson may not refrain from hiring Linda based on her dress.
- If Wilson hires Linda and customers really are uncomfortable with her culture-based clothing, Wilson may fire Linda.
Jocelyn is bothered by the race-based jokes her coworkers direct toward her. She tries to play along with the jokes and pretends they do not bother her, but her coworkers’ behavior is beginning to affect her ability to work. Which of the following is true?
- Jocelyn cannot file a claim for race-based harassment because she plays along with the jokes directed at her.
- Jocelyn can file a claim for race-based harassment, and if her employer determines that her coworkers’ behavior is severe and pervasive enough, she can receive relief.
- Jocelyn can file a claim for race-based harassment and receive a reward as long as she is bothered by the conduct.
- Jocelyn can file a claim for race-based harassment, and if the EEOC determines that her coworkers’ behavior is severe and pervasive enough, she can receive relief.
Remy is an undocumented worker in the United States. He applies for a job as a farm laborer. He is qualified for the job but turned down in favor of a U.S. citizen with fewer qualifications. Which of the following is true?
- Remy’s employer must hire the job candidate who is most qualified.
- Remy’s employer is not being discriminatory.
- Remy’s employer is guilty of legal discrimination.
- Remy’s employer is guilty of illegal discrimination.
Paula and Rosario are Dominican custodians at a library. They both speak very little English. Visitors at the library complain about the two women when they speak Spanish together while they work. Which of the following is true?
- Implementing an English-only rule would be acceptable since there are complaints about the women speaking Spanish.
- Implementing an English-only rule could only be acceptable if it had some bearing on the women’s ability to do their job correctly.
- Implementing an English-only rule would be acceptable for any reason, though it cannot be enforced during break times.
- Implementing an English-only rule could never be acceptable for a janitor.
Trinity is an American citizen, as were family members for several generations before her. She has the facial features of many Asians. She is turned down for a job because she “looks too foreign.” Which of the following is true?
- Trinity does not have a case for national origin discrimination because neither she nor her parents are from Asia.
- Trinity does not have a case for national origin discrimination because she is an American citizen.
- Trinity has a case for national origin discrimination even though she is not from a foreign country.
- Trinity has a case for national origin discrimination only if her ancestors are from Asia.
Luanne is a French immigrant who speaks with a heavy accent. She interviews to work as a call center consultant and is turned down for the job. Which of the following is true?
- Luanne has been unfairly turned down if she speaks English correctly, even if she does have a heavy accent.
- Luanne has been unfairly turned down since call center consultants don’t need to have extremely clear, fluent English.
- Luanne has been fairly turned down if she can be understood but the employer thinks customers will be annoyed with Luanne’s voice.
- Luanne has been fairly turned down if her accent makes it hard for her to be understood over the phone.
Mary, a black woman, applies for a job at a restaurant but is turned down while Martha, another black woman with lighter skin tone, is hired. Which of the following is true?
- Even if the hiring decision was made because of skin color, Mary cannot file a discrimination complaint because Martha is also black.
- If the hiring decision was made because of skin color, Mary can file a discrimination complaint.
- If the hiring decision was made because of qualification, Mary can file a discrimination complaint.
- Mary can file and win a discrimination complaint regardless of the employer’s reason for picking Martha.
Noble is frustrated with the many migrant workers he hires from a specific country who work for only a short time and then quit or are terminated for performance or disciplinary reasons. He wants to screen out any future applicants from that country to reduce costs and improve the chances of effective hiring choices. Which of the following is true?
- Noble can use specific hiring criteria to limit the chances of hiring employees with the same issues he has been experiencing, but he must apply the criteria to all applicants.
- Noble’s opinion is sufficient to allow not hiring applicants from a specific country.
- Noble cannot use prejudice in his hiring decisions; he must take equal consideration for all applicants regardless of their tendency to quit early or cause discipline problems.
- If Noble’s opinion is substantiated with data, then he can choose not to hire applicants from a specific country.
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