HIS 101 Chapter 14 Open-Book Reading Quiz
1.Which of the following states is NOT true with regards to the expansion of slavery into the western territories?
- Gold was discovered in January of 1848 in California, 9 days before the territory “would be identified as ‘the great prize’ transferred to the US” after the Mexican-American War. By 1854, 300,000 people moved to California, making the Gold Rush the greatest mass migration in American history to that point.
- Which of the following is NOT true about the California Gold Rush?
- In 1849, a Georgia Congressman Robert Toombs said he “for disunion” if slavery were prohibited in California, New Mexico, or Washington, D.C..
- Which of the following is NOT true with regards to the Compromise of 1850?
- The Whig Senator from New York argued against slavery, even though it was protected by the US Constitution. He proclaimed, “there is a higher law than the Constitution…”.
- Which of the following is NOT related to the resolution of the Compromise of 1850?
- Which of the following is NOT an example of increased sectional tension between pro- and anti-slavery forces?
- Two new political parties grew in importance in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854). The Know-Nothing Party (which fought to prevent the spread of slavery into the territories), and the Republican Party (which was against immigration, especially Catholic Irish and Germans.
- Which of the following statements is TRUE?
- Senator Charles Sumner (MA) insulted Sen. Andrew Butler (SC), by accusing him of having a mistress who was “polluted in the sight of the world” but “chaste” in his eyes. Sumner called that mistress a “harlot”…he meant, slavery. Butler’s cousin, Preston Brooks (a congressman), visited Sumner in the Senate chamber, and beat Sumner with a cane.
- By 1856, the two major parties were the Democrats, and a new party, the Republican Party. Given their views on the economy and government, if they were alive in 1856, Alexander Hamilton (a leading Federalist in his day), and Henry Clay (a leading Whig in his day), would likely have joined the Republican Party and NOT the Democratic Party. The fact that Clay was a slave owner makes him more problematic, since the Republican party was the first major party to take a stand against slavery, but here the focus is on economics and the role of government.
- Which of the following is NOT true about the late 1850s?
- Which of the following is NOT true about the career of young Abraham Lincoln?
- After John Brown led a failed assault on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in 1859, many Southerners, including Jefferson Davis, believed they “have declared war on us…”. Brown himself said the crimes “of this guilty land will never be purged away, but with blood.”
- Which of the following is NOT true with regards to the election of 1869?
- When South Carolina became the first state to secede, a unionist judge named James Petigru said an independent South Carolina was “too small to be a Republic but too large to be an insane asylum.” Alexander Stephens of Georgia (and future vice president of the Confederacy) said “revolutions are easier started than controlled.”
- Which of the following statement about the secession crisis IS TRUE?
- Which of the following IS TRUE about the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln?
- Lincoln ordered unarmed ships to provide food and supplies to the US troops in Fort Sumter. A US fort in the harbor of Charleston, SC, could not be tolerated by the newly proclaimed Confederate States of America, so Confederate forces fired first to force the surrender of the fort before it could be supplied (April 12, 1861). Oddly enough, the commander of the Confederate forces was Pierre Gustave Teuton Beauregard, a former student of Major Robert Anderson, the commander of US forces stationed in Fort Sumter.
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